Foot and Ankle Fractures and Sprains
Sprained ankles are very common and occur when children, adults, athletes, or non-athletes participate in physical activities or land on their foot at an angle, causing the foot to roll, twist, or turn beyond its normal motion. When a ligament, an elastic structure that holds the ankle bones and joint in position, is stretched outside of its normal range, a sprain can occur. The amount of force used to stretch the ligament determines the degree of the sprain.
Toe and Forefoot Fractures
A fracture is a broken bone in the foot or in the toe. They are typically painful but can usually heal without the need for surgery. A stable foot fracture occurs when there is no shift in the bone alignment, while a displaced fracture is where the two ends of the bone no longer align.
A stress fracture is a tiny crack in the surface of the bone. They typically occur in the bones of the toes and the bones in the middle of the foot.
A lisfranc fracture is a fracture of the midfoot bones. It can lead to pain, swelling, tenderness, and the inability to bear weight. Lisfranc fractures can occur when a heavy item is dropped on the foot or one accidently twists their foot in an abnormal way.
The talus bone is the bone that connects the heel to the lower leg bones. Talus fractures are usually seen in car accidents and severe falls. Symptoms of a talus fracture include ankle pain, swelling, tenderness, and the inability to bear weight.
Heel fractures take tremendous force and can also occur from car accidents and severe falls. Symptoms include pain and the inability to bear weight. The foot may also become stiff and swollen.