Bunions and Hammertoes
Almost 50 percent of women in America have bunions. A bunion is a swollen, sore bump over the joint that connects the big toe to the foot. A bunion causes the base of big toe to stick out, which can push the second toe out of alignment. The bigger the bunion gets, the harder it is to walk. Bunions can occur from wearing shoes that are either too tight or too small. Most bunions can be treated without surgery; however, if the bunion hurts while walking in comfortable shoes, surgery may be necessary.
A hammertoe, or contracted toe, is a deformity of the second, third, or fourth toe that causes the toe to be permanently bent in the shape of a hammer. Women who wear high heels or narrow shoes can develop a hammertoe. Wearing more comfortable shoes may relieve the pain of a hammer toe, but if the pain is more severe, reconstructive surgery may be needed.
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